In-depth Understanding of Conflict Dynamics

The Jakarta Post
August 11, 2011

This week marks the celebration of the sixth anniversary of the Aceh Peace Accord in Indonesia. Reflecting on the past conflict in Central Sulawesi in 2001, lessons can be learned from the negotiation process which has resulted in ongoing peace.

Coordinating Minister for People’s Welfare Jusuf Kalla presented three options clearly, unequivocally, and emphatically to the conflicting parties: “we supply both sides with arms until you kill each other, the government will increase its military forces and crush anyone who starts a conflict, or you sit down together and begin a dialogue to negotiate a peaceful resolution.”

The three options shocked and woke the conflicting parties up and encouraged them to choose the third option of dialogue. Pak Kalla, known as a man of action, communicated to the parties in an honest, upfront way providing them with their reality. Kalla was blunt and did not sugarcoat their options. As a result, the parties began a dialogue and ultimately reached resolution maintaining dignity throughout the process.

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