Peace is a state of harmony characterized by the lack of violent conflict.


Peacekeeping is the prevention or ending of violence within or between nation-states through the intervention of an outside third party that keeps the warring parties apart.


Peacemaking is the term often used to refer to the process of negotiating the resolution of a conflict between people, groups, or nations.


Partnering is a process focused on the definition of mutual objectives, improved communication, the identification of likely problems and development of formal problem-solving and dispute resolution strategies.


Polarization of a conflict occurs as a conflict rises in intensity or escalates. Polarization refers to the process in which people move toward extreme positions (“poles”), leaving fewer and fewer people “in the middle.”


Persuasion involves convincing another party to change its attitude and/or its behavior.

Private Judging

A private trial approach midway between arbitration and litigation in terms of formality and control of the parties conducted by a former judge, very similar to a conventional trial in that judgment may be appealed for errors of law or as against the weight of the evidence.


Those persons or entities in dispute. When these disputants are represented by legal counsel, the counsel will then be treated as the party.