Robert Gardner

Robert Gardner
Robert Gardner is a graduate student in the Department of Sociology at the University of Colorado, where he works as a research assistant at the Conflict Research Consortium. He has been working for several years on the Environmental Framing Consortium project on Framing of Intractable Environmental Disputes.

Leaders and Leadership

I have been using the phrase "conflict transformation" since the late 1980s. I remember that timeframe because it came on the heels of intensive experience in Central America. When I arrived there my teaching vocabulary was filled with the terminology of conflict...

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Identity Frames

Defining Identity FramesDrawing from the larger body of general research on conflict framing, the concept of identity frames illustrates the various ways in which people view themselves in the context of specific conflicts. It also allows us to think about how...

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Process Frames

Frames are psychological lenses or assumptions that affect how people see and interpret the world around them. Process or conflict-management frames are the assumptions people make about the right -- or best -- way to approach a dispute. Some people, for example, are...

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Security Guarantees

"Cities and kingdoms, for their own security, undertake invasions out of fear of being invaded and seek to weaken or destroy neighbors as a way of reducing foreign threats." -- Thomas HobbesSecurity guarantees have recently received heightened attention as a...

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Fact Frames

Defining Fact FramesFacts do not speak for themselves. The same information from different sources, or received by different people, can lead to very different conclusions.People approach conflicts in very different ways depending on their perceptions of relevant...

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