Citation: Zartman, I. William and J. Lewis Rasmussen, eds. Peacemaking in International Conflict: Methods and Techniques. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1997.

This collection of essays offers a contemporary overview of approaches to international peacemaking. The end of the Cold War has changed the nature of international conflicts, creating new challenges for peacemaking. Initial essays explore this new context. Subsequent chapters describe different peacemaking techniques. Essays examine peacemaking from the perspective of diplomats and non-governmental organizations, respectively. A final essay examines the role of training in international peacemaking. The text includes a brief Foreword by Richard H. Solomon, and biographical sketches of the contributing authors.

Part One : Mapping the Field

1. Peacemaking in the Twenty-First Century: New Rules, New Roles, New Actors, J. Lewis Rasmussen, pp, 23-50.
2. The Development of the Conflict Resolution Field, Louis Kriesberg, pp. 51-77.

Part Two: Approaches to Peacemaking

3. Negotiating in the International Context, Daniel Druckman, pp. 81-124.
4. Mediation in International Conflict: An Overview of Theory, A Review of Practice, Jacob Bercovitch, pp. 125-154.
5. Adjudication: International Arbitral Tribunals and Courts, Richard Bilder, pp. 155-190.
6. Social-Psychological Dimensions of International Conflict, Herbert C. Kelman, pp. 191-238.
7. Interactive Conflict Resolution, Ronald J. Fisher, pp. 239-272.
8. Religion and Peacebuilding, Cynthia Sampson, pp. 273-316.

Part Three: Practitioners

9. A Diplomat's View, Cameron R. Hume, pp. 319-336.
10. An NGO Perspective, Andrew S. Natsios, pp. 337-361.

Part Four: Training

11. Contributions of Training to International Conflict Resolution, Eileen F. Babbitt, pp. 365-387.


Jacob Bercovitch is a professor of international relations in the Political Science Department at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. He is widely regarded as a leading expert on international mediation, especially in protracted or intractable conflicts that repeatedly erupt into violence. Dr. Bercovitch has written and edited eight books on mediation and conflict resolution, the most recent being Studies in International Mediation (2000, editor) and International Conflict Management: 1945-1995 (1997). He holds a Ph.D. in international relations from the London School of Economics.