Continued from Part 2:

The parties negotiated this agreement directly with each other without mediation, using a “single text” approach. While there was no formal mediation, whenever the parties reached impasse on any point, the guarantors Cuba and Norway played key roles in helping the negotiating partners overcome their impasses.

In conclusion, he noted two major obstacles to peace treaty implementation. First, the challenge of bringing the shared vision that guided the parties at the negotiating table to a divided country, which must be committed to making this agreement work. Second, the politicians. Every candidate who runs for office in the 2018 elections, including for President, should be asked by all Colombians whether or not they will respect this peace process. He worried that presidential candidates would not respect the accords reached in Havana, because at times the desire for power can overcome the desire for peace.

Ivan Marquez, Colombia. The FARC decided to exchange its guns for votes; to reject the reason of force, for the force of reason (la razon de la fuerza para la fuerza de la razon). Every human being wants peace and life, including freedom of speech and conscience. The FARC, per the peace agreement, is currently moving from the territories they occupied and controlled to six transitional points and 20 “normalization” zones where the Government had agreed to establish camps where the FARC will leave (dejar) their guns with UN officials. As the FARC travels to these zones, we are not marching with white flags of surrender, but toward peace and democracy.

He expressed great concern, however, that the Government was not keeping two important promises. It had not yet finished constructing the temporary camps in these 20 zones, and it had not yet enacted the promised amnesty law, preventing FARC members from being charged with sedition and insurrection for their participation in this conflict. He hoped that the good intentions the Government has shown will materialize, and these issues will be addressed.

He ended by saying that the FARC now wished to fight to defeat poverty, inequality, exclusion, the dirty war, and apathy. We hope that future generations will say “thanks to the peace treaty of Havana, we have a good life (una vida digna).”

Continued in Part 4 forthcoming next week...

Andrea Schneider is a professor at Marquette Law School teaching ADR, Negotiation, Ethics, International Law, International Conflict Resolution and Art Law. She is the author or co-author of numerous books and book chapters in the field of dispute resolution. She serves as the editor of ADR Prof Blog.