The Beyond Intractability Knowledge Base was developed in the early 2000s. It was started by a group of about 50 people (which quickly expanded), all of whom were concerned about the destructiveness of both domestic US and international conflict problems, and who didn’t think that the traditional conflict resolution approaches (such as mediation and arbitration) were working as well as they needed to on these very difficult conflicts. Our initial goal was to combine our knowledge and to perhaps produce a “state-of-the-art” book on intractable conflicts. But the content quickly out-stripped a book, and we agreed that we wanted to reach many more people than those who would buy and read a thick, expensive, and jargon-laden book. So the online BI knowledge base was born.
The knowledge base has grown over the years. It now has written materials contributed by several hundred scholars and practitioners and another 100 or so scholars and practitioners who have contributed audio interviews. It contains over 400 core articles, which came to be known as “essays.” These essays cover both the theory relating to causes and effects of intractability, and practice guidelines regarding effective or at least promising ways of addressing them. (These conflicts are so varied, complex, and difficult that nothing can be promised to be “effective” in all cases.) But the essays generally present what was consider at the time to be the best-available ideas and strategies both for understanding how these kinds of conflicts develop, and what can be done to address them most constructively.
The editors of BI (Heidi Burgess and Guy Burgess) have, over the last few years, been going through the essays and trying to update them as needed, as many are now 15 years old. Some are showing their age pretty badly, but many really are still pretty up to date. For better or worse, not all that much has changed when it comes to understanding the nature of these conflicts, or changing them in constructive ways.
All of the essays that are being used as part of MBI’s Conflict Fundamentals Seminar are receiving an additional update in the form of a “Current Implications” section. This looks at how each of these essays applies to the current conflict situation in the U.S. and beyond.
In addition to essays, the knowledge base contains over 100 hours of audio interviews with both scholars and practitioners. Julian Portilla, the interviewer, sought to get these leaders of the field to talk about their most important discoveries and insights regarding intractable conflict—experiences they have had and ideas they have developed, that they think it is most useful for other people to know. These interviews are available in both audio and text form.
In addition, BI contains over 100 case studies of particular conflicts and/or interventions, profiles of leading peacebuilders, personal reflections of peacebuilders regarding their own practices,, and over 600 summaries of conflict resolution and peacebuilding books and articles. Lastly there are pages that have information about education and training in the field, funding opportunities, and teaching materials.
Since the knowledge base contains an enormous amount of material, we also have provided a number of User Guides. These guides highlight materials from the KB that are likely to be of particular interest to specific audiences. For example, we have user guides for journalists, human rights workers, and religious leaders. We also have guides on particular topic areas, for instance civil rights mediation, identity conflicts, interpersonal conflicts, peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction, and transitional justice (among several others).
Another iteration on the user guides is a set of checklists of things to think about for intermediaries and adversaries in international conflicts, public policy, workplace, and interpersonal conflicts.