As much as we recognize the limitations of the traditional format of public meetings, it seems that some members of the public, and perhaps some officials also, actually prefer a confrontational style. Perhaps they feel that an “on the record” format is the best way to hold their officials accountable.
Dehumanization is the psychological process of demonizing the enemy, making them seem less than human and hence not worthy of humane treatment. This can lead to increased violence, human rights violations, war crimes, and genocide.
When discussing gender differences in the way that women and men negotiate, much of the well-known literature suggests, “women don’t ask” – i.e. that women are less likely to negotiate for salaries, raises, or promotions, at least when negotiating for themselves.
This lesson defines frames and asks students to examine the many different ways opinions can be viewed. Students will draw from literature and opinion editorials to practice identifying frames. A final assignment will ask students to take a step back from a highly charged issue and reflect upon the way that they have framed the issue to form their opinions.
How do we face conflict? We can begin by understanding the anatomy of conflicts. In this lesson, students will learn to delve beneath a conflict’s episode to its roots, thereby understanding the layers of history, culture, interests, and values that push disputes into intractable conflicts with horrifying consequences.
Montressor Upshaw is one of the lucky ones. A graduate of an inner-city high school in Gary, Ind., he’s now a 21-year-old college senior at Emory University in Atlanta. But he knows what it’s like to be in a school where violence is common, resources are few and teachers are struggling to make their students competitive with those from more affluent suburban schools. So when the chance came to do something to help students in some of the poorest schools in Atlanta, he jumped at it.
Justice is action in accordance with the requirements of some law. Whether these rules be grounded in human consensus or societal norms, they are supposed to ensure that all members of society receive fair treatment
This middle level is especially important to peace building, peace builder and scholar John Paul Lederach asserts, because they connect the top and bottom levels, while also cutting horizontally across the opposing sides of conflict.
Top-level leadership includes the key political, religious, and military leaders involved in a conflict. These people are often the highest leaders of the government and opposition movements, and speak for their constituencies. In most cases, they represent a few key actors within the broader conflict setting.
Leadership at the grassroots level represents the masses, those ordinary citizens who form the base of a society.
Intractable conflicts have been with us for quite some time now. As these conflicts pose a serious threat to international peace and security, we may look at them and ask two basic questions; (1) how and why do they start, and (2) how best to end them? Here, I am concerned with the second issue. I